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TOPIC 1 (Luck or hard work)
“When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
When people succeed, it is because of hard work, but luck has a lot to do with it, too. Luck is often the final factor that turns years of working hard into success. Luck has helped people invent and discover things, it has helped people become famous, and it has helped people get jobs.
Many people have discovered or invented things with the help of luck.
Columbus worked hard for years to prepare for his trip around the world. Many thought he was crazy, but still he was able to get support for his endeavor. He worked hard to be able to make his trip to India, but it was because of luck that he actually found America.
Luck can help people become famous. Consider movie stars. Many work hard to learn how to act. They take acting classes. They work at small, low-paying jobs in order to gain experience. Then one day a lucky actor may be given a certain part in a movie, and he gets noticed for it. Or he meets a movie director at the right time and place. Years of hard work bring him close to success, but that one lucky chance finally helps him succeed.
Because of luck, many people find jobs. A person may spend weeks writing and sending off résumé, looking at help wanted ads, and going on job interviews. But often it is because of luck that a job hunter meets the person who will give him or her a job, or hears of an opportunity that isn’t advertised in the newspaper. Being in the right place at the right time is often what gets a person a job, and that is all about luck.
It is certainly difficult to be successful without hard work, but hard work also needs to be helped by a little luck. Luck has helped many people, both famous and ordinary, become successful. I think that luck and hard work go hand in hand.
TOPIC 2 (Education)
Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
Some people believe that going to classes should be optional for university students, but I disagree. Students learn a lot more in classes than they can learn from books. In class they have the advantage of learning from the teacher, of interacting with their classmates, and of developing the responsibility it takes to be a good student.
When students attend classes, they receive the benefit of the teacher’s knowledge. The best teachers do more than just go ever the material in the class textbook. They draw their students into discussion of the material. They present opposing points of view. They provide additional information by inviting guest speakers or showing documentary films.
Going to class also teaches students how to work with other people. In class, students have to present their ideas to their classmates. They have to defend their ideas if their classmates disagree with them, but still remain friendly when the discussion is over.
They have to learn to work in groups to compete class projects. Attending classes teaches students responsibility. Having to be at a particular place at a particular time prepares them for getting a job. Having to compete assignments on time also helps develop responsibility.
Anyone can get information from books, but students get a great many more advantages when they attend class. They get the benefit of the teacher’s knowledge and experience, and even more than that, they learn how to work with others and to develop a sense of responsibility. These are not optional skills in life, so attending classes should not be optional at a university.
TOPIC 3 (Personal characteristics)
What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important.
Even though job situations can be very different, there are several qualities that all good supervisors have in common. A good supervisor treats her employees fairly. She gives clear directions. Most important of all, she acts as a good example for her employees.
A good supervisor is fair. She treats all her employees with equal respect and doesn’t have favorites. She uses the same set of criteria to evaluate each employee’s performance. She doesn’t let her personal feelings about an individual influence her treatment of him.
A good supervisor gives clear and understandable directions. She doesn’t constantly change her mind about what she wants employees to do. She also doesn’t get angry when an employee is confused and needs more explanation.
Finally, a good supervisor sets the standards for her employees by her own behavior. She works hard and acts responsibly and gets her work done on time. She can only expect her employees to act professionally if he acts professionally, too.
Employees are more likely to do the best job they can when they are treated fairly, given good directions, and have a good example in front of them. This is why good supervisors are so important to the success of any type of business.
TOPIC 4 (Personal characteristics)
We all work or will work in jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker? Use specific details and examples to explain why these characteristics are important.
I’ve worked in several offices, and I’ve found there are certain characteristics that all good co-workers have in common. They tend to be cooperative people, they adapt well to changes, and they are helpful to others in the office. People who have these characteristics are easy to work with.
A good co-worker is very co-operative. She does her best to get along with others. She tries to do her part well because she knows that if one person doesn’t get her work done, it affects everyone else. She also has a positive attitude that creates a pleasant working environment.
A good co-worker is adaptable. She is not stubborn about changes in schedules or routines. She doesn’t object to having her job description revised. She has no problem with new procedures and welcomes changes when they come.
A good co-worker is helpful. She helps out when someone falls behind in his or her work. She is willing to change her schedule to accommodate another worker’s emergency. She doesn’t keep track of how often she has to take on extra work.
We spend more time with our co-workers during the week than we do with our family. Thus, it’s important for our co-workers to be people we can get along with. When co-workers are cooperative, adaptable, and helpful, everyone gets along better and can get their job done well.
TOPIC 5 (BUSINESS)
Some people prefer to work a large company, while others prefer to work for a small company. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
I would prefer to work in a large company rather than a small one. A large company has more to offer in terms of advancement, training, and prestige.
In a large company, I can start at an entry-level position and work my way up to the top. I can start in the mailroom and, once I know the company. I can apply for a managerial position. In a small company, there would not be as much room to grow.
In a large company there is the opportunity to learn a variety of jobs. I could work in sales, in shipping, or in any department I applied for. I could be trained in a variety of positions and would have valuable experience. In a small company, there would not be the same opportunity.
In a large company, there would be more prestige. I could brag to my friends that I worked for one of the biggest companies in the world. I would always have something to talk about when I met strangers. If I worked for a small company, I would always have to explain what the company did.
Working for a small company would not give me the same opportunities for advancement or training as working for a larger company would. Nor would I be as proud to work for a small company – unless the small company was my own.
TOPIC 6 (SKILLS IN WORK)
What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
I do not define success economically, I define success socially. Therefore, the one skill I would choose for success is tolerance. To succeed in society, we need to be tolerant of one another’s background, opinions, and lifestyle.
People come from all different backgrounds. The world is becoming increasingly mobile. We are no longer able to work only with people who grew up in the same place we did, or who went to the same schools we went to. Now, we work with people whose backgrounds are completely different from ours. We all must be tolerant of these differences so we can work together amiably.
Different people have different opinions, but we cannot stop speaking to them just because of differences in opinion. We shouldn’t start a war just because someone has a different idea. We have to find common ground, an idea we can agree on. We have to learn to respect the people we live and work around. We need to be tolerant of differences of opinion.
Different people live with different lifestyles. Woman can live on their own, hold important jobs, and raise children alone. Men can stay home and take care of the family.
Social roles can change and we must be tolerant of the different lifestyles that people choose.
To succeed socially, you must be able to adapt to differences. You must be tolerant of all people regardless of their background, their opinion, or their lifestyle.
TOPIC 7 (HISTORY)
Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
Of course a city should preserve its old, historic monuments. New constructions can always be built, but old ones can never be replaced. They are usually more beautiful than modern buildings. They represent the city’s history, and they can even help the city by attracting tourists. Historic monuments should always be preserved.
Old buildings are usually very beautifully designed. Depending on when they were built, they show different periods of architecture. They have a lot of character: they were made by hand, in old-fashioned way. You can feel the personalities of the people who constructed them and of the people who have lived and worked in them. Modern buildings, on the other hand, are usually not so beautiful as those formerly built monuments because they seem like impersonal giants that have no character.
Old constructions represent a city’s history. Important things may have taken place in an old building. Maybe a peace treaty was signed there or an important meeting took place. A famous person may have lived there. Maybe it was a former president or a famous writer. When we have historic monuments around us, we learn more about our history and we appreciate it.
Old buildings attract tourists to a city. People want to see old constructions because they are beautiful or because important things happened in them. If a city has a lot of building constructed in the former times, may tourists will visit the city. That is good for the city’s economy. People usually don’t visit a city in order to see its modern buildings.
A city’s historic constructions are among its greatest treasures. There are a source of beauty and a representation of history. It would be a crime to try to replace them.
The twentieth century saw great change. In your opinion, what is one change that should be remembered about the twentieth century? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
There are many important changes, both technological and cultural, during the 20th century. In my opinion, the most important of these is the advances that were made in medical science. The development of vaccines and antibiotics, increased access to health care, and improvements in surgical techniques are all things that improved, and saved, the lives of people all around the world.
Vaccines and antibiotics have saved the lives of many people. Fifty years ago, many people became disabled or died from polio. Now the polio vaccine s available everywhere. In the past, people could die from even simple infections. Now different antibiotics make it easy to cure infections, thus saving many people.
Increased access to health care has also improved the lives of millions of people. Many people previously lived far from hospitals or clinics. Currently hospitals, clinics, and health centers have been built in many parts of the world. This offers many people the opportunity to visit a doctor or nurse before they become very sick. They can be treated more easily. They are sick less and this leads to a better quality of life.
Improved surgical techniques make it easier to treat many medical problems. Microscopic and laser surgery techniques are more efficient than former methods. It is easier for doctors to perform them, and easier for patients to recover. Operated patients an return to their normal life more quickly now than they could in the past.
Everybody needs good health in order to have a good quality of life. Advances in medical science have improved the lives of people all over the world. They are improvements that are significant to everyone.
TOPIC 9 (ANIMALS)
Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds,cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
Pets are important because they provide us with companionship and even with love. It is not good, however, to have too close a relationship with a pet, or to treat it like a human being. Devoting too much attention to pets can prevent you from focusing on other activities and on relationships with people. It can also be a waste of money.
Sometimes people who love their pets don’t want to become involved in other activities. If you invite such a friend out for coffee, for example, the friend might say, “I don’t have time. I have to walk the dog.” Sometimes people don’t want to take a weekend trip because they don’t want to leave their pets alone. They put their pets’ interests before their own. Then they live life for their pets and not for themselves.
Loving a pet too much can interfere with amicable relationships with people. Sometimes people neglect their spouses and children in favor of their pets. A person who lives alone might devote all his attention to his pet. He might lose interest in making friends and being with people. A relationship with a pet is less complicated than a relationship with a person. Sometimes it seems easier to choose pets over people.
People spend thousands of dollars on their pets, but this money could have other uses. It seems strange to buy special food for a pet or take it to the doctor, when some people don’t have these things. Children all around the world grow up without enough food, or never get medical care. It would be better to give a pet simple things and send the extra money to charity.
Pets give us a lot and they deserve our care and attention. It is never a good idea to go to extremes, however. It is important to balance your pet’s needs with your own.
Some people think the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to so much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
The Internet provides us with a lot of valuable information. This is important because it keeps us informed about the world today, contributes to children’s education, and even helps us shop better. It helps improve our lives in many ways.
When we want to know the latest news, we can just surf the Internet and get it right away. We don’t have to wait for a news program on TV or in the newspaper. We also don’t have to listen to just one source of news. On the Internet we can get news from different newspaper and different nations. We can get information from various points of views. This greatly contributes to our understanding of current events.
When children need information for their schoolwork, they can find it on the Internet. Most schoolchildren these days do their research online. They have access to more information than they could probably find in their school libraries, and they can get the information more easily. In addition, any time a child wants to know something or needs the answer to a question, it is possible for him to find it online.
When we’d like to buy something, we can usually get the information in need for our purchase online. Of course you can order almost anything you want on the Internet, but his isn’t the most important part. On the Internet it is easy to find information about the quality of different products and to compare prices. This really matters if you plan to buy something expensive.
The ability to get information from the Internet has improved our lives in many ways. We can learn more about the news, improve our children’s education, and become more informed shoppers. The Internet is one of the most significant tools we have in modern society.