Đề thi Discourse tham khảo khóa 2013 ngữ văn Anh- VB2- XHNV HCM

Đây là 1 để Discourse tham khảo, khóa của mình được học với thầy Hớn Huy rất nhẹ nhàng vô trọng tâm, không nặng n, học gì thi đó, học để nắm vấn đề chứ không hề làm khó sinh viên.

đề này là dạng “trôi nổi” không chính thức mình nghĩ cứ post để các bạn có tham khảo hông “bổ bề dọc cũng bổ bề ngang” -.-, hi vọng có ích

PART I: Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F)

  1. Semantic meaning is the meaning in a particular context.
  2. One cannot communicate with only the rules of grammar.
  3. Successful communication must work within the framework of the receiver’s existing knowledge.
  4. The topic of a side sequence is intimately related to that of the main sequence in which it occurs.
  5. Some discourse – organizing words give the reader indications of the larger text-patterns the author has chosen.
  6. Schemata provide details which were not actually given to make sense of the discourse.
  7. Flouting the qulity maxim can create figures of speech such as hyperbole, metaphor, and sarcasm.
  8. The use of various cohesive devices to link together all the propositions in a text always result in coherence of that text.
  9. Eye contact, intonation and volume contribute to turn-taking.
  10. In non-reciprocal discourse, the receiver can influence the development of what is being said.

PART II: Fill in each gap with an appropriate word.

  1. _________________ is stretch of language perceived to be meaningful, unified and purposive.
  2. _________________, a link in discourse, is the repetition of a formal linguistic structure to create cohesion.
  3. _________________ processing is a way of interpreting discourse by hypothesizing about the most general unit first, then moving downwards through the ranks below.
  4. The ____________ of a clause, which usually occupies with initial position, can be seen as the point of a
  5. _______________, referring to the physical, mental and social territory of an interlocutor, is the central concept of the politeness principle.
  6. ______________ are mental representations essential to discourse processing.
  7. Face – to – face conversation, which demonstrates a high level of interaction, is the prototype of __________ discourse.
  8. A(n) _____________ unit has two parts: Given, which the sender thinks the receiver already knows, and New, which the sender thinks the receiver does not already know.
  9. A(n) _______________ reference is a relationship whereby the meaning of expression is recovered from subsequent mention.
  10. ________________ is the omission of clause, phrases or words which can be recovered from context or from elsewhere in the discourse.

PART III:    

  1. Identify the referents of each reference items underlined and classify their types of reference.

Having got up from mat, he planed his escape. He hesitated a moment and thought. Things were not going well. What bothered him most was being held, especially since the charge against him had been weak. He considered his present situation. The lock that held him was strong, but Rocky thought he could break it.

  1. Decide whether these extracts contain ellipsis or substitution. If they are ellipsis identify their types.
  2. I bought these chocolates home from our holiday. Would you like one?
  3. “Who would like to start?” – “Me!”
  4. There’s no need to stay if you don’t want to .
  5. I don’t like football, but my wife does.
  6. “ We are going to the Bahamas for our holidays.” – “ So are we.”
  7. If you are not prepared to lend the money, then I’m sure Jack is.
  8. “ Who left the door open?” – “It was me.”
  9. “ I’m not taking a holiday this year.” – “Neither am I”

PART IV: Rewrite the following sentences to change the topics (theme) of these sentences.

  1. She’ll have to make her presentation at the end of his speech.
  2. You press the green button to start the mixer.
  3. I like wonderful beaches in Hawaii.
  4. She left home to become a nun.
  5. Money is the thing that people care about these days.

PART V: Identify the themes and rhemes in this text. Which pattern of theme and rheme sequence is predominant in this text? Give comment on the thematic structure.

WILLIAM THE HERO!

Brave William Baldock, who is six years old, is a hero after helping his mother when she fell down stairs. William quickly rang for an ambulance when he discovered his mother had broken her leg. In spite of being frightened, he told emergency services what had happened and answered all the questions they asked him. He also telephoned his father at work, and then his grandmother, to explain what he had done. While wating for these people to come, William looked after his 18-month-old sister.

  1. Decide whether the following statements are True or False
  2. _________ key words or phrases in a text are supposed to stimulate the mind, activating a knowledge schema.
  3. _________ more often than not, actual discourse is interpretable with reference to a single schema.
  4. _________ the ordering of information, as it is widely accepted, is determined by the sender’s hypotheses about what the receiver does and does not know.
  5. _________ efficient turn-taking has little to do with non-linguistic factors such as eye contact, body langugage, intonation or volume, etc. in most cultures.
  6. ___________ sometimes the second part of an adjacency pair can be delayed by insertion sequences, repair, etc.
  7. _______ the Birmingham School’s model can be applied effectively to both formal discourse and casual conversation.
  8. _______ the speech act theory, which investigates, the function of what is said by considering its form and context, can be employed for discourse interpretation.
  9. ________ deliberate violations of the co-operative principle always mean communication breaks down altogether.
  10. ________ the politeness principle and the co-operative principle are often in conflict with each other.
  11. _________ pragmatics provides us with a means of relating stretches of language to the physical, social and psychological world in which they take place.
  12. Fill in each gap with a suitable word or phrase.
  13. ____________ are mental representations of typical situations.
  14. ____________ information is the one which the sender thinks the receiver does not know.
  15. Face-to-face conversation is a typical example of _________ discourse, in which there is plenty of interaction between the sender and the receiver.
  16. ____________ view discourse as a developing process rather than a finished product.
  17. _____________ are utterances with which participants in conversation draw attention to, or prepare the ground for, the kind of turn they are going to take next.
  • Indentify the referents of each reference item underlined in the following extracts and classify their types of reference.

Extract 1

As they grow, trees absorb carbon dioxide, the main cause of the “greenhouse effect”, which threatens to change the world climate.

Referent                                                         Type of refenrence

They  __________________________        _______________________________

Extract 2

People who have to fly all the time for business usually find it boring. People who fly only once in a while are excited. However, some people feel only terror when they board an airplane. They suffer from a phobia, an illogical fear.

Referent                                                         Type of refenrence

It    ____________________________        _______________________________

They  __________________________        _______________________________

Extract 3

Forestcasting the likelihood of different types of weather coming in the near future can only be done with an understanding of what is happening currently. To acquire this, regular and accurate measurements are needed, taken in different places to expose patterns of weather change.

Referent                                                         Type of refenrence

This   ____________________________    _______________________________

  1. Identify ellipsis and substitution in the following extract. In each case, specify what information is left out or implied.

“ It is not difficult for me to guess why I developed a love of cats in my life. Cats will let us love them, in fact they plainly wish us to, but they will not love us in return, though many of us persuade ourselves that they do. On the other hand, they will not pretend to return our feelings, nor do they make promises that they cannot or will not keep.

I never saw my cat Tim hungry; nobody did, even when he was catching mice, though long before he died he had given up trying to do so. It was not that he was lazy cat; I think he had come to the conclusion that mice had just as much right to live as he did, and since they were not his enemies and he would have disliked eating one, he could see no point in stretching out of a soft paw to bring it down on a struggling back.”

Ellipsis/ Substitution     Example                                 Information left or impled

  1. Supply a context so that the following exchange makes sense.

A: Let’s go watch the firework tonight.

B: I have tickets to the theatre.

  1. Identify and give your comment on the thematics structure of the following text.

TOM CRUISE

Tom Cruise is one of the most successful actors in cinema history. However, life hasn’t always been that easy for him. As a young boy, Tom was shy and had difficult in finding friends, although he really enjoyed taking part in school plays.

After he had finished High School, Tom went to New York to look for work. He found employment as a porter, and at the same time he attended drama classes. In 1980, the film director Franco Zeffirelli offered Tom his part in a film. Ten years later, he had become so successful that he was one of the highest-paid actors in Hollywood, earning millions of dollars for each film.

Today, Tom still appears in film and is as popular as ever with his thousands of fans from all around the world.

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